Protection Order Overview
You can learn about the different kinds of protection orders and get answers to some basic questions here.
What is a Protection Order?
A protection order is a court order that requires someone to stay away from you and any locations you identify (such as work, home, etc.).
- A "temporary protection order" (a "TPO") may be issued for up to 45 days. The judge can issue a TPO without notifying the other party first. You must fill out an application, and the judge might want you to come to a hearing if the judge has questions. If approved, the Sheriff will serve the other person with the TPO.
- You can also request an "extended protection order." This can be included with your original application, or you can request it later as long as your TPO is in effect. You and the other person will have to go to a hearing where the judge can ask both of you questions. At the hearing, the judge will decide whether to extend the order. If approved, the protection order can be extended for up to two years.
The person asking for a protection order is called the "applicant."
The other person is called the "adverse party."
Who Can Get a Protection Order?
There are different kinds of protection orders for different situations:
Domestic Violence Protection Order:
This is for people who need to keep abusive family members and significant others away. It is based on some kind of family or dating relationship where domestic violence has happened. Note, as of July 1, adult siblings and adult cousins no longer qualify for a domestic violence protection order. They may qualify for a different kind of order listed below.
Domestic violence can be an assault, battery, stalking, trespassing, destruction of private property, injuring or killing an animal, threats to do any of these things, and several other acts. The complete list is at NRS 33.018.
In Clark County, this kind of order is requested in Family Court. This website includes all of the forms and information needed to file a domestic violence restraining order only.
Visit How to Apply for a DV Protection Order to find the forms and detailed information on this website. The rest of the protection orders discussed below are offered through Justice Court and the Civil Law Self-Help Center.
Stalking & Harassment Order:
This is for anyone who wants to keep a person away because they are stalking or harassing the person. You can find the legal definitions in NRS 200.571-575. You do not need to be related to the offender to get this kind of order.
This kind of order is requested in Justice Court - please see the Civil Law Self Help Center (Stalking & Harassment) website for more information.
Harm to Children:
This is filed by a parent or guardian who believes that someone is committing a crime of physical or mental injury or sexual abuse or sexual exploitationof a child.
This kind of order is requested in Justice Court - please see the Civil Law Self Help Center (Harm to Children) website for more information.
Sexual Assault Protection Order:
This is for those who are victims of sexual assault. This kind of order is requested in Justice Court - please see the Civil Law Self Help Center (Sexual Assault) website for more information.
This is for employers who need to keep someone away from an employee or the workplace. This kind of order is requested in Justice Court. Please see the Civil Law Self-Help Center (Workplace Harassment) website for more information.
The Family Court and this website only cover protection orders for victims of domestic violence who are applying to keep a family member or ex-partner away.
If you need a protection order against stalking or harassment, harm to children, sexual assault, or harassment in the workplace, visit the Civil Law Self-Help Center’s website for forms and information.
Should I File a Protection Order?
Only you can know if this is the best thing to do. Getting a protection order may mean you have to think about where you will live, how you will pay bills, how to handle childcare, etc.
You may want to talk to a domestic violence advocate first about your options and have a plan ready. There are many agencies who can help victims of domestic violence. Visit the Domestic Violence section of this website for more information. You can also find a list of resources and providers in the link below:
You may also want to talk to a lawyer about whether to file a protection order and if there is other legal action you should take. You can find free and low-cost attorney services on the Lawyers and Legal Help page.